Welcome to Jennings Flight!

History

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Anatomy of an Airplane

The basic design of an airplane

has changed little sense 1903 when the Wright brothers made their historic flight. Airplanes consist of a fuselage which all other main parts are attached to and sometimes are designed to carrier cargo. The wings are attached to the fuselage give the plane lift. At the nose (or front) of the fuselage is usually where the cockpit is located. The cockpit is the “Command & Control Center” of the aircraft. At the tail (or rear) of the fuselage normally can be found horizontal & vertical stabilizers. These stabilizers look like small wings. Most planes are equipped with adjustable flaps. When they are located on the wing they are called... well flaps, & help control the lift. When adjustable flaps are located on the horizontal stabilizers they are known as Elevators. These elevators help control pitch. Pitch is the angle of the aircraft – up, down or level. The vertical stabilizer also has an adjustable flap called a Rudder (just like on a boat). The rudder helps guide the plane left, right or straight. Of course we can’t forget the engines! Most modern planes, but not all, have one or more engines. They can be mounted at the very front of the fuselage or on the wings. There you have it! The anatomy of an airplane.

Primary Flight Instruments 6 Pack

There can be lots of gauges,

indicators, knobs, levers and other gadgets in a plane’s cockpit. That being said, there are six that are vital. These six instruments (A.K.A. “the six pack”) are so important that aircraft manufacturers around the world adhere to a standardized layout. Not all planes will have all six instruments. They may not be right in front of the pilot, but they will be easy to find and easy to read from the pilot’s seat. Once you find them they will always be in the exact same order- two rows of three instruments each.

  • Top- Left: The Airspeed Indicator- shows the speed the aircraft is traveling through the air.
  • Top-Middle: The Attitude Indicator- shows the position in space relative to the horizon.
  • Top-Right: The Altimeter- displays how high the aircraft is above sea-level.
  • Bottom-Left: The Turn Coordinator- measures the aircraft’s rate of turn.
  • Bottom-Middle: The Directional Gyro- much like a compass, it always points north. This tells the pilot which direction the plane is headed.
  • Bottom-Right: The Vertical Speed Indicator- displays the rate of climb or descent in feet per minute.